Civil Rights: Then and Now

Speaking Out: Then and Now


  • AMERICA AFTER CHARLESTON: "Black Lives Matter"

    Join the conversation as speakers discuss why they consider it important to state that "Black Lives Matter" rather than "All Lives Matter" in this video from AMERICA AFTER CHARLESTON. Hear from Arielle Newton of Black Millennials, Cornell Brooks of NAACP, and Umi Selah of Dream Defenders.

    Grades: 9-12
  • America After Ferguson: Audience Voices

    Town Hall audience members express their thoughts on racism in America in this video from America After Ferguson. One man states that unless you’re black, you won’t see racism in America. Another calls racism “a white problem” that white people have to solve. A woman suggests that even nice and well-intentioned whites share certain “privileges” that come with their race. Lastly, a man uses six words—“I am not black, I’m human”—to emphasize his point that we need to move forward from Ferguson, as a collective body of people regardless of what we look like, rather than just focus on the many kinds of racism that exist.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Ferguson Residents Speak up About Protests

    Help students discover viewpoints from residents of Ferguson, Missouri, with this August 20, 2014 video and educational materials from PBS NewsHour.

    Grades: 7-12
  • Looking at Ferguson - A Youth Conversation

    This is a guide for how high school teachers can begin a productive conversation with their students around the events in Ferguson. High school students will likely have strong feelings about Ferguson, and they are equipped to address broader philosophical questions about the nature of protest, the social contract and ethical leadership. Teachers can provide an open forum for students to share their own experiences. Using that conversation, teachers can then ask students to imagine how to be good citizens and leaders in their own community. We thank PBS NewsHour for providing resources to begin the classroom discussion about Ferguson.

    Grades: 9-13+
  • Youth Explain Why They March in the Current Protests

    Hear from young activists why they peacefully protest with this video and educational materials from PBS NewsHour from December 8, 2014.

    Grades: 7-12
  • Students Reflect on “I Have a Dream” Speech

    Hear students' thoughts on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech and examine the state of equality in the U.S. with videos from Student Reporting Labs and a discussion guide.

    Grades: 7-12
  • Sonia Sanchez: The Meaning of Malcolm X

    This gallery contains three video segments of poet Sonia Sanchez recorded for Eyes on the Prize. In The Meaning of Malcolm X, she describes what Malcolm X represented to African Americans in the 1960s. In Meeting Malcolm X, she recalls the pivotal moment when she first heard him speak. In "Malcolm", she recites her poem, a eulogy to the slain civil rights leader.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Freedom Summer - Biography: Fannie Lou Hamer

    Fannie Lou Hamer was sterilized without her knowledge or consent in 1961. She would become a leader of the Mississippi Civil Rights movement. Learn more with this biography from American Experience: "Freedom Summer." This resource is part of the American Experience Collection.

    Grades: 9-12
  • LBJ - Primary Resources: Address to Congress -- We Shall Overcome, 1965

    In this 1965 address, LBJ expresses solidarity with the civil rights struggle and asks Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act. Learn more with this primary source, from American Experience: "LBJ."

    Grades: 9-12
  • 1964: "The Importance of the Civil Rights Act"

    Learn about the impact of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, often considered one of the most influential laws in U.S. history, in this video from American Experience: “1964.” It not only ended segregation in public places, it altered the “southern way of life” and created a new America. Although Lyndon Johnson celebrated its passage, he knew that it would bring sweeping and sometimes challenging changes to society. This resource is part of the American Experience Collection.

    Grades: 6-12
  • A Defining Moment for Sala Udin | Memories of the March

    Discover the impact of MLK Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech in this short from Memories of the March. Martin Luther King Jr.'s vision for America inspired many young activists such as Sala Udin to spend their life fighting for equality.

    Grades: 6-12
  • The Civil Rights Movement Goes National | The March

    Learn about A. Philip Randolph’s early union organizing, role in the creation of the Fair Employment Practice in Defense Industries Act, and contribution to organizing The March. As an early ally to both MLK Jr. and Bayard Rustin, the "Dean of the Civil Rights Movement" was integral in organizing prominent demonstrations in Washington D.C.

    Grades: 6-12
  • The March Committee | The March

    Meet the six civil rights leaders who formed the core organizing committee for the March on Washington: A Philip Randolph, Whitney Young, Roy Wilkins, John Lewis, James Farmer, and Martin Luther King Jr. The inclusion of prominent members from student-based, clerical, and union-oriented groups allowed the March Committee to represent a diverse roster of activists who were integral in shaping the March on Washington.

    Grades: 6-12
  • The Kennedys - Primary Resources: JFK on Civil Rights

    On June 11, 1963, President John F. Kennedy addressed the nation on the most pressing domestic issue of the day: the struggle to affirm civil rights for all Americans. Learn more with his speech, from American Experience: "The Kennedys."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Excerpts from the March on Washington, Part 1

    The Reverend Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech dominates popular history of the August 1963 March on Washington, but the day was full of speakers and performers. This audio compilation captures the voices of A. Philip Randolph, Ralph Abernathy, Roy Wilkins, Walter Reuther, Ralph Bunche, and Daisy Bates.

    Grades: 6-12
  • Excerpts from the March on Washington, Part 2

    At the 1963 March on Washington, civil rights leaders offered a "Tribute to Women," which recognized the leadership roles of women in the Civil Rights Movement, as well as the widows of civil rights leaders who were murdered for their activism. This recording pays tribute to Rosa Parks, Daisy Bates, Diane Nash, Mrs. Herbert Lee, Mrs. Medgar Evers, and Gloria Richardson.

    Grades: 6-12
  • Excerpts from the March on Washington, Part 3

    John Lewis, heard here in this live recording from the 1963 March on Washington, was a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) who helped trigger a new activism among college students. Of all the March on Washington speeches, Lewis's was considered the most controversial for its criticism of the government.

    Grades: 6-12
  • JFK - Primary Resources: I Have a Dream, 1963

    Martin Luther King Jr.'s impassioned civil rights speech, delivered during the March on Washington and widely regarded as one of the greatest American speeches ever made. Read the speech, from American Experience: "JFK."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Diane Nash and the Sit-Ins

    In this interview, civil-rights leader Diane Nash recalls her role in the 1960 Nashville sit-ins, the 1961 Freedom Rides, and the 1965 voting rights campaign in Selma, Alabama. As one of the founders of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Nash mobilized her fellow college students to confront segregation and discrimination with nonviolent direct action. This resource is part of the Civil Rights collection.

    Grades: 6-12
  • Robert Moses

    Robert Moses was a leader in the voting rights campaign of the 1960s. Raised and educated in the North, Moses put his teaching career on hold and moved to Mississippi, where he became one of the architects of the 1964 Freedom Summer Project and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. In this interview, recorded for Eyes on the Prize, Moses talks about his desire to end racial discrimination by helping African Americans participate fully in the nation's political process.

    Grades: 9-12

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